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Cabbage

cabbage pictureThe common cabbage is a green, leafy vegetable that, strangely enough, is a cultivar of the Wild Mustard plant.

Cabbage is herbaceous and biennial, and is a flowering plant which has a very short stem. On this stem forms a tight cluster of leaves, which is the cabbage you buy from grocery stores. In most cases the cabbage leaves are green, but they can also be purple or a reddish-color.

Another common name for this kind of cabbage is "head cabbage". The leaves of the cabbage are coated in a powdery and waxy like substance, called 'bloom'.

As mentioned above, the cabbage is derived from the Wild Mustard plant, which is originally from the Mediterranean region of the world. Cabbage can be found growing naturally around the seacoast of the region.

Nutritional Information for Cabbage, raw

Nutritional value per 100 g (3.5 oz)
     
Energy 20 kcal 100 kJ    
Carbohydrates   5.8 g
- Sugars   3.2 g
- Dietary fibre   2.5 g
Fat   0.1 g
Protein   1.28 g
     
    % of Daily
Thiamine (Vit. B1) 0.061 mg 5%
Riboflavin (Vit. B2) 0.040 mg 3%
Niacin (Vit. B3) 0.234 mg 2%
Pantothenic acid (B5) 0.212 mg 4%
Vitamin B6 0.124 mg 10%
Folate (Vit. B9) 53 μg 13%
Vitamin C 36.6 mg 61%
Calcium 40 mg 4%
Iron 0.47 mg 4%
Magnesium 12 mg 3%
Phosphorus 26 mg 4%
Potassium 170 mg 4%
Zinc 0.18 mg 2%
 
Percentages are relative to US recommendations for adults.

 

Also check out the Cabbage Pictures, and the Cabbage Classification.