> Plant Types
Potato is the staple food of many cultures
and civilizations past and present, and is the world's
fourth largest food crop.
The term Potato is used to refer both to the plant,
and the vegetable itself. It is a stem
tuber from the plant Solanum tuberosum,
and is extremely starchy.
The potato plant itself grows about
60 cm off the ground. This of course depends on variety
but the don't generally grow much higher than that.
The plant is a herbaceous perennial.
The potato plant grows flowers that
are purple, white, red, blue or pink. All have yellow
stamens, and look a lot like plants in the same family;
aubergine and tomatos.
The cultivars with white flowers normally have white
skins on the potatos, but coloured flowers normally
means pink-colored skinned potatoes. The potato plant
is known to self-fertilize, but a lot of cross-pollination
occurs by insects, especially bumblebees. Some varieties
of potato plants produce toxic fruits
after flowering which resemble dark green cherry tomatos.
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